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Master Empty Hand Moves List

7 Star Mantis Hand Forms Movements of the Chiu Luen Sect.

This is a master list of many of the names of movements found in Chiu Luen’s version of 7 Star Praying Mantis. Please note it is a work in progress. Moreover, note these names are subjective and other sects may have different names for the same moves. We are would like other sects to let us know the names they have for the same movements, so that such data can be add to this list.

REFERENCE: Chinese transliteration follows Huang, Cantonese
Dictionary; Yale, 1970.

Notes

LKW : Lee Kam Wing sect.
???: not finished
[SHL]: Stephen Hunter Laurette
——————————————————————————————————————–
AAU BOUH:
– indicates technique [usually strike, open or closed-hand] performed off of front foot; e.g., in chat sing tohng lohng kyuhn, bou choih is “aau bouh” by default; opposed to seun bouh q.v.

BA WOHNG CHENG HAAK:
(Tyrannical King Invites Guest) – hand technique: see baahk yun sau; pull back directly in front of body, parallel with the floor, in mah sik

BAI MUHN TEUI:
(Closing Door Kick)- 45 degree, “half roundhouse”

BANG CHOIH:
(downward backfist) – greater/deeper follow-through than gwa choih; the word itself means the death of a king or avalanche

BAAHK NGO JIN CHI:
(White Goose Spreads Wings), sidewards “push” block with open palm [past face], sidewards back-hand.
AKA: TAU JEUNG: stealing palm

BAAHK YUN SAU:
(White Ape Hand) technique – inner lower arm circling block, eagle claw grab wrist, pull in [becoming rear hand, palm down; forward hand, eagle claw, palm up grab underside of elbow

BAAHK YUN [HAU] TIU:
(White ape/Monkey Jump) – jumping off alternating fee, as in chaap choih kyuhn ?

BAAHK YUN CHENG HAAK:
(White Ape Invites Guest), viz. baahk yun sau: above described hand technique, performed in diu mah.

BIN CHOIH:
(Whipping Fist), sidewards [horizontal] striking bottom-fist.
AKA: WAANG CHOIH – in southern styles e.g., mok ga kyuhn, choi lei fat ga kyuhn

BIU JI:
(Spear Fingers), open-hand, straight finger thrust, parallel with floor

“Bounce”:
Seung Diu, Cheui Ngaahn, Liu Yam Teui: from Bang Bouh Kyuhn and Tohng Lohng Lihng Seung Da Jaahk-Yiu Sau Kyuhn, [“avalanche step form and praying manits supernatural double strike summary hands form

BOU CHOIH:
(Supplement Strike) forward, i.e., off the front foot, punch; fist rises facing innerward to shoulder level then turns downward, punches out and slightly downward at end of extension

CHAANG JEUNG
(Propping Palm)
AKA: DING JEUNG [LGW]) “point/peak” palm

CHAAI TEUI:
(Stamping/Crushing Kick) side kick

CHAAP SAU:
(Thrusting Hand) 45 degree angle downward [to be distinguished from biu ji, q.v.

CHAAP JEUNG [LGW]:
same as daan jeung

CHAT SING:
(Seven Star) refers to the big dipper constellation which is an ancient daoist deity

CHAU TEUI:
(Snatching/scooping kick) on one level this may be , with reference to appearance, interchangeable with chat sing bouh

CHAT SING BOU CHOIH:
(Seven Star “Supplement” Strike) combination jaat teui and (same side as kicking foot) bou choih[e.g., last move of bang bou kyuhn].

CHAT SING BOUH CHOIH, SIU CHIHN SI SAU:
(Seven Star Supplementary Fist, Silk Hand) then tying up Silk Hand on right side

CHEUI NGAAN:
(Plucking Eyes)

CHIHN SOU TOHNG TEUI:
front sweep – or iron broom: performed with leg extended, parallel to floor, usually atleat 90 but upto 180 degrees or more of arc.

CHIT JEUNG:
[rare] “cutting” palm – performed with hand-forearem perpendicular to ground, turning inward in a short, sharp slicing arc; usually ablock. also performed with a closed hand as chit sau.

CHO CHOIH:
filing strike – moves either downward or upward at a forty-five dregree angle. NB: the upward version in not included in the version of chat sing tohng lohng taught to us by sifu chiu leun,

CHUNG TIN PAAU CHOIH:
(Rushing Against Heaven Canon Strike) – performed by thrusting fist straight up from the shoulder.

CHYUN SO FAAT
(Throwing the Shuttle) the term refers to a weaver using the shuttle of a loom – it may, in fact, be included in the category of “true mantis” techniques as it utilizes a diu sau hand-shape. One hand – the one in the diu sau position – rises a foot to a foot and a half upwards to block or strike with the back of the diu sau while at the same time, the other, open in a daan jeung shape, drops the same distance to block or strike with the outside ‘corner’ of the palm heel.Then the hands are reversed to complete the cycle. usually, two cycles are performed in a gwaai majh (AKA, LIHN WAAHN, DAAN FUHNG WOHNG SAU):

DAAN JEUNG:
(Single Palm) – open palm strike: performed with fingers together pointing upward, striking with lower outside ‘corner’ of palm heel. aka, lauh yihp jeung – willow leaf palm
AKA: CHAAP JEUNG [LGW]):

DAAN JEUNG, HA BEI TYUT SAU FAAT:
viz daan jeung – ha bei is “under the arm”. tyut is “escape” or in martial parlance, “wipe”/”strip”, i.e., to use the edge of the palm to violently remove an opponent’s grabbing hand. this is in effect a combianation of ‘tyut’, performed from under the arm and a follow-up attack with he daan jeung

DAAN BIN SAU:
single whip technique – performed fequently in diu mah, occasionally in gung sik: off front foot, fist circles outward, down then up to shoulder level to hook inward, elbow to front, opposite hand straight to rear, parallel to floor.

DAAN WAANG WAHN DIU SAU:
single horizontal “dizzying” diu sau – i.e., an attack to the opponent’s temple

DAI HYUN CHIOH:
Lower Round House Fist – usuallly performed off the rear foor, the body somewhat bent forward so the height of the fist is at the knee, the action is performed in a tight, inward circl, striking the forearm of the arm with the othe palm

DAI FAAN CHE CHOIH:
greater turning strike – continuous/repeating pek choih; usually done an odd number of times [three, five]

JAAT CHOIH:
crushing strike aka pek jaat choih q.v. – usually performed in conjunction.

DANG CHAI CHOIH:
point or peak of naval

DIHP JAAHNG:
folding elbow

DIU MAH:
(Hanging Horse) stance known often as cat stance.

DIU MAH, BAAHK YUN CHENG HAAK:
(Hanging Horse, White Ape, ???),

DIU SAU:
(Hanging/Wicked Hand) often known as mantis hand grab

DUHK LAAP, PAAU JAANG:
???

FAAN CHE CHOIH:
Scooping Wheel Fist

FAN FAAT (FAN SOU) CHOIH:
????

FAAN GUNG SIK (LAU SAU):
reverse gung sik

FAAN JEUNG
???
(aka: FAAN MIHN JEUNG [KLW])

FAAN SAU:
reverse hand

FAAN TIN YAN JEUNG [LKW]:
(Reverse Tin Yan Palm)

FU DA CHOIH:
(Tiger Striking Fist) Relates to Sung dynasty classic “Bandits of the Marsh”, where Mou Chung kills a tiger with a strike, later to be know sometimes as FU DA CHOIH.

FUNG TUNG CHOIH:
(Seal Gather Fist)

FUNG SAU:
seal hand

FUNG SAU BIU JI
?????
(AKA, BIU JUENG):?????

GING TIN JEUNG (LIU YAM):
????

GUNG L NGAU SAU:
????

GUNG SIK:
bow stance

GUNG SIK, BANG CHOIH:
re: bang choih – “collapse, death of a king punch”
NB: same ‘bang’ as in “Bang Bou Kyuhn” – Reportedly the term ‘bang bou’ is either a) another term for ‘dihp’ or “folding” step (a type of foot-work wherein the rear foot is brought up to the forward foot and then, in effect, knocks said to forward into the same stance; usually gung sik. This is fact, the fourth move – footwork-wise of Bang Bou.

GUNG SIK, BANG CHOIH, WAAHNG DIU SAU:
???

GUNG SIK, BOU CHOI:
left bow stance with supplement fist

GUNG SIK, DIHP JAAHNG, BANG CHOIH: placed step,
bow stance, then folding elbow, and king fist.

GUNG SIK, FUNG SAU, CHEUI NGAAN:
sealing hands pluck eyes
NB: “fung sau” is the term used for “Ngau Lau Choi Sau” when using any other hand-weapon besides a flat punch.

GUNG SIK, FUNG SAU, [AAU BOUH], DAAN JEUNG:
????

GUNG SIK, HYUN CHOIH, [SEUHN BOUH], BANG CHOIH:
??????

GUNG SIK, JIN SAU:
placed step, bow stance, intercepting hand

GUNG SIK, SEUNG DIU SAU:
left bow stance with double hanging hand

GUNG SIK, SEUNG WAN DIU SAU
?????

GWA, DAAN JEUNG, CHYUN SAM:
???

GWA CHOIH:
downward backfist – shallower and more “springy” than Bang Choih

GWO, TAUH FAAT:
upward passing the head method. This is a monkey move where one passes ones left hand, clock wise, over and around ones head as sort of block

GWO TAUH, FAAT , SHUFFLE FORWARD, YAHP WAAN SIK , WAAHNG DAAN BIN DIU (NORTH, HANDS – EAST):
wiping the head method. Upward passing the head method, entering the ring

GWA SAU, DAAN JEUNG (Upward Hand Forward Palm):
One arm, hand in fist, blocks upward with forearm blocking and the other arm strikes with a forward inside palm.

GWA TUNG:
Upper block guarding one head while punch forward with a horizontal fist 1

GWA TUNG CHOIH:
one fist/palm rises to block with forearm, the other does a straight flat punch,

GWA TUNG, PEK CHOIH:
(common combination technique – one fist/palm rises to block, the other does a straight flat punch, then immediately the upper, blocking hand comes down in a chopping punch, using inside ridge on hand).

GWAI MAH:
stealing stance

GWAN BONG:
to rolling

HAK FU TAU SAM:
black tiger steals heart

HAU BUI CHOI BOU
???
(AKA: TAU TEUI, TAU JEUNG):????

HAU (REAR), SIM BOUH, DIU MAH (L):
(north), Right Tohng Lohng Seung Bei, Jaahng Ngau (south)
Round House Fist (-at mid level)

HYUN JAAHNG:
round house elbow

HYUN JEUNG :
(ROUND HOUSE PALM) strike palm first blocks down with inside palm then one hand block down with inside palm and then striking arm hits the opponent on the side of the head with a outside palm. Other arm in close near arm pit as striking hand delivers blow to opponent.

JAAM YIU:
slicing waist

JAAT TEUI:
crushing kick

JEUI TOHNG LOHNG FAAT (TOHNG LOHNG FUNG DIU):
????

JEUNG WAN, DIU SAU:
????

JIHN SAU:
“scissors” hand – similar to jit jeung, it is performed by using the edge of the palm to catch/crush an opponent’s wrist or forearm between the striking hand and the opposite palm; both held face-high,hands andforearms paallel to the ground.arms

JIT CHOIH, LIU YAM:
Intercepting fist, irritating ; groin

JO JUNG, PING SIK (sai):
Left-side Normal Stating Position (facing west)

JUNG PIHNG SIK (middle level position):
standing at attention facing, facing east {starting a form to the northern) for example Bong Bo.

JYUN CHIOH:
Drilling Fist

NGAU LAU CHEUI SAU:
hook – cover – pluck [three of the twelve key-words in tohng lohng kyuhn]

LAAN FU SAN YIU (Lazy Tiger Stretches Waist):
Gung Sik, low sahp ji sau , diu mah sahp ji gwa sau /Bow Stance, low (groin) x-block (fists) Hanging Horse, raise x-block over head.

LAU SAU HYUN JEUNG
????
(AKA: GWAN LAU JEUNG/SLIP-ROLLING PALM):?????

LIHN WAAHN DAAN FUHNG WOHNG SAU
???
AKA: CHYUN SO FAAT:???

LIHN WAAN FAAN JEUNG:
contentious turnover open hand or palm strike

LIU YAM:
irritate groin, as in a low front kick, to the groin area.

LIU YAM, DIU SAU:
irritate groin hanging hand

LIU YAM (CHYUN SAM), FU MEI:
front instep kick with left foot to groin then use same leg to kick backward at midlevel.

LIU YAM TEUI:
Irritate/Poke the Groin [lit. the lower body area kick]. This is a lower mid level kick using the instep area of the kick leg as the the weapon of attack. The target area is the groin area.

LIU YAM YAHT JIH CHOIH:
?????
(aka TOU CHOIH):?????

LIU YAM (R) (TIU? {flick}) CHAAP, CHAAP SAU (L):
right hand to groin and left hand to space inside clavicle

LOHK BOUH:
placed step

LUHK-LUHK CHIOH:
(Wheeling Fist)

LOK BOUH, MAH SIK (EAST), RIGHT PEK CHOIH, WAAHNG DIU SAU:
placed step, square horse stance to east, the right chopping fist, then traverse hanging hand

MAH SIK:
(Square Horse stance)

MAH SIK R BOU CHOIH:
Square Horse “helping” punch /”sit” punch

MAH SIK, BA WOHNG CHENG HAAK:
Square Horse stance, tyrannical king,

MO PUN JEUNG [LKW]:
millstone palm

MUI FAI JEUNG:
plum blossom palm

NAU MAH:
twisting horse stance

NAU MAH, LIU YAM L:
?????

NAU SAU [twist body], Right NAU MAH, GWAAI JAANG:
??????
AKA: Tai Jaang???

NGAU LAU CHEUI SAU
hook – cover – pluck hand/technique

NGAU SAU, CHE PEK JAAT:
Hook Hand aka Seize and Grasp Eagle Claw, Diagonal Chopping Crushing.
AKA: KAM NA YING JAAU:?????

NGOH FU POK SIHK :
(Hungry Tiger Pounces on Prey) This is always done in Pok Teui. Ones leaps up and comes down low miming the pulling down of an opponent) ngoh fu pok sihk.

PEK CHOIH:
Chopping Fist

PIN TEUI:
slice leg/kick. Known as an inside crescent kick

SAHP JIH CHOIH:
cross pattern fist

SAH JAM TAAM HOI
(Divine Needle Explores Seas)
AKA: CHO JEUNG/FILING PALM):????

SAAM TAU JEUNG:
(Three Stealing Palm)
(aka: TAU JEUNG/filching Palm [LKW]):

SEUI DAI LAAU YUT (L YAM YEUNG FEI DIU):
?????

SEUNG BOUH:
performing a technique off the rear foot [viz. aau bouh]

SEUNG DIU SAU:
(Double Hanging Hand)

SEUNG DIU SAU, CHEUI NGAAHN
??

SEUNG FEI LUHNG TEUI:
double flying dragon leg/kick

SEUNG FUHNG WOHNG CHIUH YEUHNG:
????
SEUNG HA DIU SAU:
Double down hanging/wicked hands

SEUNG HA DIU SAU, LIU YAM R:
Double down wicked hands, irritating groin

SEUNG KWAN DIU (AKA, SEUNG GOT SAU):
???

SEUNG LUHNG JEUNG
(Double Dragon Palm)
AKA: SEUNG NGAM JEUNG/DOUBLE PRESSING PALM [LKW])

SEUNG LUHNG CHOIH
(Double Dragon comes out of the Sea)
AKA: SEUNG JONG CHOIH: double dragon fist or double bumping punch

SEUNG SYUHN FUNG DIU SAU:
double tornado hanging hands

SEUNG SYUHN FUNG DIU SAU, BAI MUHN TEUI:
double tornado hanging hands with closed door kick

SEUNG SYUHN FUNG, DIU SAU, CHAU TEUI:
double tornado hanging hands with snatching kick.

SEUNG SYUHN FUNG DIU SAU, LIU YAM TEUI (R):
double tornado hanging hands, the lower body area kick

SEUNG SYUHN FUNG DIU SAU, LOHK BOUH:
???

SEUNG WAN, CHYUN SAM:
??

SEUNG WAHN, DIU SAU:
????

SIU CHIHN SI SAU:
tying up silk hand

SIU FAAN CHE CHOIH:
Little Scoop Wheel Fist

TAI SAN:
tai mountain

TAI SAT FAAT:
raise knee method

TAU BOUH:
stealing supplementary ????? note to Stephen [praying mantis super-natural double strike summary hands form move 36, “Lohk Bouh, Right Tau Bouh ???, Dang Pok (facing East)”]

TAU SUM CHIOH:
Stealing Heart Fist

TAIH SAN (rise), BAI MUHN TEUI:
closed door kick

TEU TUNG CHIOH:
Holding Back Fist

TEUI BOUH:
Step Back Left, Right Nau Mah. Left Got Sau

TEUI BOUH, RIGHT DIU MAH, RIGHT DAAN BIN SAU:
???

TIU, RIGHT CHAU TEUI, DEU GONG CHOIH:
???

TIU JEUNG (WUIH TIU, RIGHT DIU MAH, TIU JEUNG):
?????

TUNG CHOIH:
Gathering Punch /”straight” punch, off either leg and fist flat)

WAANE PEK JAAT CHOIH [S.L.]
Traverse Chopping Crushing Fist or Power Forcing.

AKA: SAI CHOIH [LKW]:

WAANG CHIOH (L.K.W.)
horizontal fist
AKA: BIN CHOIH:Whipping Fist

WAAHNG DAAN BIN DIU:
horizontal single hammer fist

WAAHNG DIU SAU:
horizontal hanging hand

WAAHNG JAAT:
horizontal crushing

WOH TOH CHOIH:
Belly-Caving Fist

WOHNG LUHNG TAAM DUHNG
(Yellow Dragon Explores Cave) This technique has one DIU SAU, pulling back and the other striking in opposite direction). Mantis back fist with mantis claw hold opponents arm to draw them in to towards you.

WUIH LOHK BOUH, WUIH SAN
retreating jump back
AKA: WUIH TIU):????

WUIH LOHK BOUH, [HAU] BAAHK YUHN TIU, NGOH FU POK SIHK:
retreating placed step, white ape jumps, hungry tiger pounces

WUIH SAN [I.E., Jump Back], TIU JEUNG (WUIH TIU, RIGHT DIU MAH, TIU JEUNG):
????
[AKA: WUIH TIU]EUNG):???

WUIH SAN, CHAT SING BOUH, DAI HYUN CHOIH:
????

WUIH SAN, DIU MAH, TIU JEUNG:
lit. retreat jump Hanging Horse, then flicking palm

WUIH SAN, TIU JEUNG:
lit. retreat jump, then flicking palm

YAHP WAAN SIK:
entering the ring stance or kneeling stance

updated 4/29/2003

  1. This meaning back of fist is facing upward.
  2. This mean that one crosses ones arms with the inside of one wrist touching the outside of the other. This block usually protects the head from a downward arm chopping or hammer fist blow to that area. It is also used to protect the groin area from a kick using the instep to kick to hit this area like a liu yam teui.